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JEJU ISLAND BIOSPHERE RESERVE

JEJU ISLAND BIOSPHERE RESERVE

IN HARMONY WITH ITS RICH BIODIVERSITY

Jeju Island encompasses a wide range of climate zones from the subtropical zone to the polar zone along altitudinal gradient of Mt. Hallasan located in the center of the island. In addition to the geological diversity including valleys, oreum (volcanic cone in Jeju dialect), and Gotjawal formed by volcanic activities, its geographical characteristics have helped the island develop unique volcanic features and ecosystem.

Chagwido Islet

Coral Reefs

Jeju Island Biosphere Reserve is home to over 3,340 terrestrial plant species, including more than 2,000 species of vascular plants and 1,340 species of lower plants such as fungi, bryophytes, algae, lichens. Also, more than 5,000 species of terrestrial animals, including approximately 4,360 insect species, inhabit the island, in the ocean, more than 2,160 marine species are observed, including 430 seaweed species, 640 fish species, and 1,100 invertebrate species.

Seonheul Gotjawal

Jeju Island provides excellent conditions for high biodiversity with more than 10,000 species and due to the fact that the island has been geographically isolated for a long time, a variety of endemic species including 90 species of endemic plants are found on Jeju Island. Moreover, it serves as a valuable habitat for a number of rare creatures, including 43 species of endangered plants and 95 endangered species, protected by the national level.

Mulyoungari Oreum Wetland

Youngcheon Stream

Internationally recognized for the value of its ecosystem and biodiversity, Jeju Island, with its surrounding waters, has been designated as Jeju Island Biosphere Reserve in order to contribute to the conservation of biodiversity more effectively and efficiently.

Mt. Hallasan with Jeju horses

 

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